Papers and bibliographies (Alvaro Higueras, Ph.D.)

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BA Thesis: Caracterización de la Cerámica del Periodo Sicán Tardío, Lambayeque, Perú. Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú 1987


Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research (November 1992-93; #5628): Provincial Political Organization of the Tiwanaku Rule in the Valleys of Cochabamba, Bolivia.

Doctoral Disertation Improvement Grant, National Science Foundation (March 1993; first application): Interregional Interaction and Formative Period Settlement Dynamics in Cochabamba, Bolivia.

Doctoral Disertation Improvement Grant, National Science Foundation (August 1993, SBR9312906): Tiwanaku Interaction and Formative Period Land Use in Cochabamba, Bolivia.

Fundación Nacional de Ciencias (EE.UU.; Agosto 1993): Relaciones regionales de Tiwanaku y Uso de Tierras del Periodo Formativo en Cochabamba, Bolivia.

Comentarios: Comentarios a las propuestas sometidas a la Fundación Nacional de Ciencias (EE.UU.).


2001 El Periodo Intermedio (Horizonte Medio) en los Valles de Cochabamba: una perspectiva del análisis de asentamientos humanos y uso de tierras. Boletín de Arqueología, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.

1995 Archaeological Knowledge in Peru: its Contribution to the Formation of a National Identity. Journal of the Steward Anthropological Society, 23(1/2): 391-407.

1989 with Jean Guffroy and Rosario Galdós, "Construcciones y Cementerios del Periodo lntermedio Tardío en el Cero Ñañañique, Department de Piura". Bulletin de l'Institut Francais d'Etudes Andines, 18(2): 209-240.


Post-war Landscapes: Cultural Heritage and Politics in the ex-Yugoslavia. Presented at the 67th annual meeting of the European Association of Archaeology, Thessaloniki, September 2002.

SAA 2002,  paper at the ARCHAEOLOGICAL REPRESENTATION IN THE MUSEUM CONTEXT sessions: Archaeology, Cultural Heritage and Politics in the National Museums of the ex-Yugoslavia.  Denver, March 2002.

SAA 2001, paper at the PUBLIC ARCHAEOLOGY IN MUSEUM CONTEXTS session: Museums in Distress: Building National Museums in Eritrea and Kosovo.

Evolución de los valores de identidad cultural en el Perú: construcción de identidad en manos de las comunidades y el rol del arqueólogo, Ponencia presentada en el XXII CONVEGNO INTERNAZIONALE DI AMERICANISTICA organizado por el CENTRO STUDI AMERICANISTICI "Circolo Amerindiano", Perugia, mayo 2000. English version.

Site-level Data vs. Regional-scale Survey Data for Cultural Analysis in the Central Andes. Presented at the 64nd annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Chicago, March 1999 (Read by Cristiana Barreto).

Secuencia ceramica de Cochabamba 1ra parte. (Sp.) Este articulo describe cronologicamente la secuencia de estilos cermicos en Cochabamba. Se enfatiza el Periodo Intermedio Temprano (200-400 DC), de estilos locales, y el Horizonte Medio (400-1000 DC), caracterizado por ceramica de estilo Tiwanaku. En la segunda parte se presentara el material excavado en Arani por W.C. Bennett en 1936. Este material es la base del analisis de los "estilos" Tiwanaku, incluyendo el Tiwanaku Derivado de Cochabamba, identificado por Bennett.

Asentamientos Humanos y Uso de Tierras en los Valles de Cochabamba, Bolivia.

Ensayo: El Anti-Museo en el Cusco / The Anti-Museum in Cusco

Ensayo: Desarrollo de una arqueologia andina: una superacion de las arqueologias nacionales.

Ensayo: Buscar la diversidad de la herencia cultural.

Exhibit script displayed in the Museo Arqueologico de Cochabamba on the results of the survey analysis of my dissertation research (in the frame of the museum's Proyecto Expansion Tiwanaku en Cochabamba, headed by Ricardo Cespedes). (In Spanish).

Ecological Complementarity in Cochabamba: Variation and Political Basis in Prehistoric Interregional Interaction. Presented at the 62nd annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Nashville, April 1997.

The Territorial Expansion of the Tiwanaku Polity in the South-Central Andes: a Study of Human-Land Relationships in the Cochabamba Valleys, Bolivia. Presented at the 61st annual meeting of the Society for American Achaeology, New Orleans, April 1996.


An English-Spanish and a castellano-inglés glossary of archaeological terms and fieldwork-related words. This is, of course, a contribution in progress. It is perhaps best adapted, in the fieldwork-related words, to usages restricted to Peru and Bolivia. Our most common word, sherd, has a different name in each Latin American country (or almost!). Terms cover a wide range of topics, from body bones (Physical anthropology) to soil terms. Therefore, suggestions for corrections and entry of new words or different meanings to existing words are bienvenidos!


Basic readings on Andean archaeology

Basic readings on complex societies These two reference lists were made in May 1992 for my comprehensive examinations at the University of Pittsburgh. They are out-dated today, but can serve as the basis for future reading lists on these topics.

A Tiwanaku bibliography of references used for the above two papers, dissertation, and other manuscripts on my research in Cochabamba.

Bibliography on hydraulic and ancient canal studies in the Peruvian coastal valleys compiled in 1993. Up to that point, most of the relevant papers in the debate of the collapse of the Chimu canal system -and on Chimu prehistory in general- had been published. Then, focus on irrigation studies shifts to the south coast (Osmore-Moquegua) and altiplano (see Tiwanaku bibliography).

Bibliography on Andean prehistoric crafts and technologies Titles linked to Amazon Compiled in the early 90's. Eclectic selection of readings on the prehistoric handicraft techniques (pottery, textiles, and metal), which in several cases selects the most relevant publications of a researcher (e.g., as for prolific researchers like Heather Lechtman). This is the reference list of a manuscript on the evolution of the three major craft groups written for the catalogue of a collection of the Banco Central de Reserva (the collection confiscated at Washington airport in 1982 and assessed by Clifford Evans).


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Tiwanaku and Andean Archaeology
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Revised: August 2003.