The Late Intermediate Period
© Alvaro Higueras
|Definition||After the large-scale societies in the Middle Horizon, the Andes will return to a scenario of regional, independent, and, in most cases, small-scale polities. These polities will often war against each other, mostly in the highland areas. The stone and
fortified architecture in the Central Highlands are a witness of these unstable times.
This pattern of small-scale societies will also occur on the coast, except for one society that control several valleys. The Chimú kingdom will control all the North Coast from Tumbes to Paramonga, while the Chancay, in the Central Coast, and the Chincha in the South Coast will be limited to one or two valleys.
The coastal sociesties will be the most representative societies of the period, and will last as independent entities until they are conquered by the Inkas. The most important society of the period is the Chimú, a kingdom that built the largest mud-brick city at Chan Chan (over 10 sq k), created a complex system of administration in every valley under their control, with standard architectural patterns (not unlike the Wari society 300 years before in many areas of the North Coast). The craftsmen of the Chimú were outstanding in the metalworking of silver and gilded copper, and, with craftsmen of the Chancay society, achieved high standards in textile weaving.
|Time frame||After the Middle Horizon and before the Late Horizon.|
See the following resources:
IRRIGATION ON THE NORTH COAST, Flash module by Tiwanakuarcheo.net
PACHACAMAC IN THE LATE INTERMEDIATE, Flash module by Tiwanakuarcheo.net
|Links to other periods|
|Preceramic Period||Initial Period||Formative Period|
|Early Intermediate Period||Middle Horizon||Late Horizon|
|Andean and Tiwanaku Archaeology Page
Andean resources bar 4 Suyus Andinos