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ARCHAEOLOGY AND ARCHAEOASTRONOMY FIELD SCHOOLS IN PERÚ

JUNE AND JULY 2007

Instructor: Robert A. Benfer (benferr @ missouri.edu) Graduate Assistant Instructor: Keith Chan (kccnp7 @ mizzou.edu)

General Information and Prerequisites: There will be two sections of a field school offered in the summer of 2007 in and around Lima. Earlier field schools were quite successful (see http://web.missouri.edu/~kccnp7). Students can register for one or both sessions. It is possible to obtain credit through the University of Missouri-Columbia. However, enrollment is not a requirement for attending the schools. All lectures will be in English. There is no language requirement, but participants will enjoy greater independence if they study at least a little Spanish before we pick you up at the airport. Peruvian students like to practice English; in previous field schools, foreign students have learned quite a bit of Spanish through friendships with Peruvians.

Session 1 participants are required to have had a course introduction to physical anthropology, human osteology, or forensic anthropology (human identification) and will be expected to have studied Bioarchaeology, by Clark Spencer Larson, before arrival in Lima. Session 2 participants are required to have had a course in archaeology, astronomy, or surveying.

Field fees of $2,400 for each field school will include lodging, food (except for Sunday in Lima), transfers, and all entry fees for visits to museums and sites. Lodging in Lima has cable TV (see picture above); lodging in the field is clean but lacks electricity. Participants are responsible for airfares and personal and medical expenses. Two letters of recommendation are required. Students will arrive two-three days before beginning of field school; lodging and food will be furnished for up to three days before and after the field school. Application must be received by March 1, 2007. Final date for request for enrollment is March 23, 2007. A $500 non-returnable deposit (sorry, University regulations) will be required by that date with the remainder of the field school fee ($1900) due by April 1.

Details for Session 1: Bioarchaeology (June 1-29, 2007) - Lima, Perú (participation limited to 12): We will study the lives of Archaic period families from Paloma, Perú (4,700 - 6,700 B.P.) through their human remains. Pairs of participants will study the human remains of a family from a single domestic structure. Habitual activities will be reconstructed from muscle marking and form of skeletal elements. Family success will be measured by the demography, indicators of childhood and adult growth, and other features. Each family will be compared with the broader context of the complete Paloma data set. Each participant will be assigned a specific research project for which she or he will write a brief paper the last week. The best papers may be translated and published in Lima.One hour of lecture on bioarchaeology and 6 hours of laboratory investigation of human skeletal materials Monday - Thursday will take place in Benfer's laboratories across the street from the hostel. On Fridays, we will visit other collections and archaeological sites, including Buena Vista, described below. For further information, visit these websites: The Paloma site (Early Villages) and field school requirements and enrollment details (Field School after Feb. 1).

Details for Session 2: Archaeoastronomy (July 2 - August 3, 2007); Buena Vista, Chillón Valley, north of Lima, Perú (participation limited to 10)The first week will involve lectures on archaeoastronomy and training in mapping at the archaeological site of Buena Vista, in the Chillón valley. This exciting site has recently been acknowledged as an important astronomical center by Discover magazine, National Geographic, and Archaeology magazine, among other publications. We will stay in the field near the site when we are not in Lima. Subsequent weeks will be spent by teams of participants investigating additional points of references to add to the alignments known for the Late Preceramic sites of Buena Vista and El Paraíso. These two settlements have the oldest set of multiple astronomical alignments in the Americas.We will also conduct original archaeoastronomical research at other nearby sites in the Chillón valley.Please visit this site for more information including Application forms and more details about the 2007 schools: http://www.missouri.edu/~kccnp7. Coordinators and Contact Information: Instructor: Robert A. Benfer (benferr @ missouri.edu) Graduate Assistant Instructor: Keith Chan (kccnp7 @ mizzou.edu)

NOTE: The final date for request for enrollment for either or both sessions is March 23, 2007. A $500 non-returnable deposit will be required by that date with the remainder of the field school fee ($1900) due by April 1. Students may enroll for between 1-6 hours (which satisfies the "Methods" requirements for MU undergraduates); current fees are $353/hour for in-state UG.


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CONVOCATORIA PARA LA CONFERENCIA PERSPECTIVAS COMPARATIVAS SOBRE LA ARQUEOLOGÍA DE LA COSTA DE SUDAMÉRICA (En inglés)

3 al 5 de Agosto del 2007, Museo de Sitio de Pachacamac, Perú

Organizadores: Robyn Cutright, Enrique López-Hurtado, Alexander Martin

Auspiciado por: Departamento de Antropología de la Universidad de Pittsburgh, Centro de Estudios Latinoamericanos de la Universidad de Pittsburgh, Escuela de Artes y Ciencias de la Universidad de Pittsburgh, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Centro de Investigaciones Arqueobiológicas y Paleoecológicas Andinas (ARQUEOBIOS), Museo de Sitio de Pachacamac, Instituto Nacional de Cultura(INC) Perú.

Arqueólogos trabajando en las costas de Ecuador, Perú y Chile están invitados a participar en esta conferencia que tratara acerca de recientes investigaciones sobre la prehistoria de esta diversa región. Están especialmente invitados a participar investigadores en un estadío temprano de su carrera (incluyendo estudiantes avanzados). Esta conferencia tendrá lugar en el Museo de Sitio de Pachacamac, Lima-Perú durante los días 3 al 5 de Agosto de este año.

I. Énfasis de la Conferencia

A pesar que las costas de Ecuador, Perú y Chile comparten mas rasgos culturales, históricos y ecológicos entre si que con respecto a sus zonas altas colindantes, las investigaciones arqueológicas que se realizan en esta región están generalmente artificialmente divididas de acuerdo a las fronteras nacionales de los países que actualmente la ocupan. Es así como a lo largo de la costa del Pacífico, muchas investigaciones relacionadas con temas como la formación y expansión del estado o con el surgimiento de sociedades complejas han sido enfocadas desde distintos periodos y regiones. En este sentido creemos que, a medida que el volumen de los datos obtenidos en estas investigaciones aumenta, se hace cada vez más necesaria la discusión acerca del establecimiento de un marco comparativo para poder entender mejor las dinámicas sociales que caracterizaron a esta gran región en el pasado.

La presente conferencia tiene como meta responder ha esta necesidad, siendo su objetivo principal el establecimiento de marcos comparativos que busquen entender el pasado de esta región de una manera integral. Por este motivo se buscará construir una base común para la comparación de distintos casos de estudio a lo largo de la costa sudamericana, agrupando las presentaciones en torno a temas o preguntas similares en lugar que de acuerdo a la ubicación geográfica de los estudios ha presentarse. Específicamente, esta conferencia apunta a fomentar la discusión acerca de los retos metodológicos y teóricos que suponen el desarrollo de un marco comparativo viable en el estudio de la costa del Pacífico. Es por este motivo que se le dará prioridad a las presentaciones que, en lugar de solo describir datos, pongan énfasis en la discusión acerca de cómo relacionar
temas de investigación particulares con la metodología necesaria para su estudio y que además aborden explícitamente la pregunta acerca de cómo un caso de estudio particular podría contribuir con nuestro entendimiento de dinámicas sociales a nivel macro-regional.

Por ese motivo le pedimos a los expositores que, basados en sus investigaciones, consideren las siguientes preguntas:
• ¿Como se articulan procesos sociales de carácter regional con dinámicas sociales locales?
• ¿Como pueden proyectos arqueológicos focalizados en un área en particular,
contribuir a nuestro entendimiento tanto de las dinámicas sociales locales así como del contexto regional e histórico en el que estas se desarrollaron?
• ¿Hasta que punto unidades clasificatorias
(como por ejemplo “cultura arqueológica”, “cacicazgo”, “asentamiento urbano”, etc.) son útiles para describir nuestros datos?, ¿Son estas clasificaciones necesarias en la discusión de procesos sociales a nivel macro-regional?
• ¿Son el desarrollo detallado de cronologías locales un prerrequisito necesario para la implementación de estudios comparativos?
• ¿Cuál es la mejor manera de concebir y estructurar la recolección de datos para que estos sirvan también en la realización de estudios comparativos a lo largo de una región tan amplia y diversa como la costa del Pacífico sudamericano?

III. Fechas y criterios para la presentación de resúmenes y ponencias

31 de Enero, 2007 – Comienzo del periodo de aceptación de resúmenes.
31 de Marzo, 2007 – Fin del periodo de aceptación de resúmenes.
30 de Abril, 2007 – Notificación oficial a los expositores cuyas ponencias han sido aceptadas. 3 al
5 de Agosto, 2007 – Realización de la conferencia. 1 de Septiembre, 2007 – Fecha limite para el envió de ponencias para ser publicadas. Diciembre, 2008 – Fecha aproximada para la publicación de la conferencia.

Los resúmenes no deberán de tener más de 250 palabras y deberán ser enviados vía e-mail a más tardar en la fecha límite especificada anteriormente. Los resúmenes pueden ser en Español o Inglés y deberán ser enviados en formato .DOC o .TXT (por favor no enviar archivos .PDF). Estos deberán ser dirigidos a Alexander Martin (ajm37 @ pitt.edu).

Las ponencias no deberán de tomar más de 25 minutos (15 minutos adicionales serán destinados para la realización de preguntas), estas podrán ser en Español o Inglés. Luego de la conferencia las mejores ponencias serán seleccionadas por un comité editorial para su posterior publicación en un volumen bilingüe. Los trabajos seleccionados para ser publicados no deberán de exceder las 10,000 palabras y deberán de ser enviadas vía e-mail en formato .DOC o .TXT a Alexander Martin (ajm37 @ pitt.edu)

III. Información

Por favor dirigir cualquier pregunta relacionada con el congreso a:
• Robyn Cutright (roc7 @ pitt.edu)
• Enrique López-Hurtado (lel7 @ pitt.edu)
• Alexander Martin (ajm37 @ pitt.edu)


English version

COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVES ON THE ARCHAEOLOGY OF COASTAL SOUTH AMERICA

August 3-5, 2007. Pachacamac, Perú

Coordinators: Robyn Cutright, Enrique Lopez-Hurtado, Alexander Martin

Sponsors: University of Pittsburgh Department of Anthropology, Center for Latin American Studies, and School of Arts and Sciences, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Centro de Investigaciones Arqueobiológicas y Paleoecológicas Andinas (ARQUEOBIOS), Museo de Sitio de Pachacamac, Instituto Nacional de Cultura (INC) Peru

Archaeologists working on the coasts of Ecuador, Perú, and Chile are invited to participate in a conference on emerging research issues in the prehistory of this diverse region. Scholars at an early stage in their careers (including advanced students) are especially welcome. Abstracts are currently being accepted in English or Spanish for the conference to be held August 3-5, 2007 at the Site Museum of Pachacamac, Lima, Perú.

I. Conference emphasis
Archaeological studies of the Pacific Coast of South America are often artificially divided along current national lines, despite the fact that the Ecuadorian, Peruvian, and Chilean coasts likely have more in common culturally, historically, and ecologically with each other than with the neighboring highlands. Questions about social dynamics such as state formation and expansion or the emergence and persistence of social complexity have been addressed in chronologically and regionally distinct cases along the length of the Pacific Coast. As the volume of data from individual case studies increases, however, it becomes imperative to establish a framework for comparative studies, in order to begin to gain a more precise understanding of these past societal dynamics.

The present conference attempts to respond to the need to establish comparative frameworks by focusing on the region as a whole. It proposes to build common ground for scholars working on different parts of the coast and to facilitate useful comparisons of diverse coastal case studies by organizing sessions not by geographic zone but around common themes and questions. Specifically, the conference aims to explicitly engage with the
methodological and theoretical challenges involved in developing a useful regional comparative framework. For this reason, priority will be given to papers that concretely link particular research questions with methodology and explicitly address how an individual research project can make a useful contribution to wider understandings of regional social dynamics.

We encourage presenters to draw on their individual research in considering the following questions/issues:

• How are broad regional processes articulated with local social dynamics?
• How can localized archaeological projects inform us about both local social dynamics and the regional and historical contexts in which they take place?
• To what extent are classificatory constructs (such as ‘culture,’ ‘chiefdom,’ ‘urbanism’) useful in describing our data? Are they necessary for a discussion of regional scale processes?
• Are fully-developed regional chronologies necessary before we can address broader comparative questions?
• How can we best conceive of and structure data collection to encourage comparative studies throughout a region as culturally diverse as the South American Pacific coast?

II. Deadlines and criteria for abstracts and presentations January 31st, 2007 -- Opening date for submitting abstracts.
March 31st, 2007 -- Deadline for abstract submission.
April 30th, 2007 -- Official Email notification of presentations accepted
August 3rd – 5th 2007 – Symposium dates
September 1st, – Deadline for submission of presentations for publication.
December 2008--Anticipated date of publication

Abstracts should be no longer than 250 words in length and should be submitted by the above deadline. Abstracts may be in either English or in Spanish and they should be in “.TXT” format or “.DOC” format. (please no .PDF files). Abstracts should be E-mailed to Alexander Martin at ajm37 @ pitt.edu

Presentations will be no longer than 25 minutes in length (an additional 15 minutes will be allotted for questions and discussion) and they may be in either English or Spanish. After the symposium, presentations will be selected for publication as papers in a bilingual volume. The paper, in its final form, should not exceed 10,000 words and should be submitted by the above deadline in electronic form (.TXT or .DOC) to Alexander Martin
at ajm37 @ pitt.edu.

III. Contact Information
Please direct any questions or comments regarding the symposium to:
• Robyn Cutright (roc7 @ pitt.edu)
• Enrique López-Hurtado (lel7 @ pitt.edu)
• Alexander Martin (ajm37 @ pitt.edu)


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THE SANTA RITA B ARCHAEOLOGICAL / BIOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY FIELD SCHOOL, 2007 FACT SHEET
(http://www.cipstudies.org/kent.htm)

THE PROJECT: Metropolitan State College of Denver (MSCD) and the California Institute for Peruvian Studies (CIPS) are offering interested persons the opportunity to participate in the Summer, 2007 Field Expedition to Northern Peru for work at the Santa Rita B archaeological site. The MSCD/CIPS project is in its ninth season of research.

The project is structured as a field school in archaeology and biological anthropology. Credit is optional, and up to six semester credits are available for those wishing college credit. No previous experience is required, simply the desire to participate in a scientific research project in conjunction with other U.S. and Peruvian team members. Spanish is not required, but it certainly doesn't hurt to know some.

THE SITE: The Santa Rita B Archaeological Site is located in northern coastal Peru in the Chao River Valley, about 25km inland and at an elevation of 360m above mean sea level. Occupations range from approximately 1000B.C. through the 16th century A.D.

In 2007, the focus will be on the excavation of sacrificial offerings and a possible ritual platform along with house floors and craft areas. Biological anthropology work includes skeletal inventory, analyses of skeletal material for cause of death, determination of age and sex and preliminary assessment of pathologies.

DATES: Participation in the archaeological field school is for three or six weeks from June 28, 2007 through either July 20 or August 13, 2007.

COLLEGE CREDIT AVAILABLE: Participants may elect to receive up to six credits for participation. However, credit is optional.

PARTICIPANT COSTS:
$2,450.00 (which includes a $250.00, non-refundable deposit) for three weeks and $2,850.00 for six. Payment covers housing at the research center; meals six days a week at the research center (beverages separate); transportation to/from the site; general archaeological field gear, research equipment and supplies; preparatory materials including details on the project's objectives, a recommended readings list, and any project updates; pre-departure lectures (for those in Denver only); lectures and seminars in the field; suggestions for packing; and, any current travel advisories. Not included are: R.T. travel costs from U.S. city to Trujillo, Peru; taxes and departure fees; passports; immunizations; personal gear; health insurance (proof of coverage is required); and, if applicable, college tuition (check with college on cost). Because the project is conducted under the auspices of the California Institute for Peruvian Studies (CIPS), a not-for-profit scientific and educational organization, part or all of the participant's costs may be tax deductible. DEADLINES: A completed questionnaire and $250 deposit (made out to MSCD if seeking credit, otherwise to CIPS) due by February 24, 2007. CONTACT: For questionnaire, sending applications, deposit, payment, or for any additional information, contact Dr. Jonathan D. Kent, Campus Box 28, Metropolitan State College of Denver, Denver, CO 80217-3362. Telephone: (303) 556-2933; Fax: (303) 556-5360; e-mail: kentj @ mscd.edu. Also see our web site at www.cipstudies.org. An on-line version of the questionnaire can be found at that same web site.


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Archaeological Textile Studies in Peru

June 15-29, 2007 (two weeks, $2440) in Arequipa.

Hands-on experience in the analysis, written documentation and conservation of archaeological textile specimens. Learn to analyze textile specimens, document their features, and make a sampler of the ancient weaves. Evening lectures cover Peruvian cultural history and woven iconography. The price includes an airport pickup in Lima, 2 nights in Lima, Lima museum tour, transportation to Arequipa for the course, hotel and meals in Arequipa, course syllabus, course supplies and return to Lima for the trip back to the U S. Round trip airfare to Peru is not included. The course covers fiber analysis, yarn spin/ply, thread count, woven density, plain weave, types of selvages, double cloth, scaffold weave, warp-faced pattern, brocade, tapestry, discontinuous warp and weft, and basic museum conservation.

Excavation of Textile Specimens and South Coast Tour (July 1 – 10, $1260).

After the textile course, a second session covers textile excavation at a coastal site of Pueblo Viejo, plus a tour of the museums and/or sites by Puerto Inca, Nasca, Ica, Paracas, etc., as we return to Lima. The course includes the proper methods of excavating textiles, their identification and care in the field, analysis and documentation in the lab and proper storage, including the construction of acid-free window mounts.

Contact Grace Katterman for more information: glkatt @ hotmail.com. Sponsored by the California Institute for Peruvian Studies: http://www.CIPStudies.org.

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